July 20, 2024

Colitis what symptoms has

There colitis It is an inflammation of the colon, the second stretch of the large intestine. Food transits through the colon and precisely this organ processes the digestion waste products from the small intestine mainly by reabsorbing the remaining water and electrolytes.

The result that is formed are food residues (feces) that are brought to the rectum and then expelled through the anus.

The causes of colitis are different:

  • infections
  • Intestinal inflammatory diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative rectum
  • ischemic colitis
  • Allergic reactions

Colitis can be acute or chronic: in the first case it arises quickly and is usually due to infections;The second instead arises slowly, over weeks or months, and lasts for long periods (some examples are the irritable colon syndrome and inflammatory intestinal diseases).

THE Symptoms of colitis they are gastrointestinal type such as:

  • constipation and/or diarrhea
  • Abdominal pains with possible defecation or expulsion of intestinal gases
  • swelling
  • flatulence
  • mucus in the stool (and sometimes even blood)

In addition, depending on the pathology that caused colitis, one or more of the following symptoms may occur:

  • fever, sometimes with chills
  • sense of malaise
  • Persistent sense of fatigue (asthenia)
  • weakness
  • dizziness
  • decrease in urine production (oliguria)
  • halitosis
  • burning sensation in the mouth or throat
  • nausea and vomit
  • sense of early satiety and in appearance
  • intestinal Bourbs
  • pain in the anus
  • headache
  • Muscle and tendon pains
  • weight loss

To have a specific diagnosis

To have a specific diagnosis of the causes that cause colitis, they may take a lot of time and many blood tests, feces or even a colonoscopy.

Colitis therapies are different and sometimes very long (they could also last life), and sometimes surgery may also be necessary.

In any case, if the symptoms listed above should manifest the most serious ones (blood in the stool, weight loss, severe and frequent abdominal pain), it will be good to consult the doctor promptly.